The Ransom of Red Chief Questions and Answers
by O. Henry

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List the irony in "The Ransom of Red Chief".

"The Ransom of Red Chief" contains a great deal of irony, from the verbal irony of a completely flat town being called "Summit" to the supreme situational irony of the kidnappers paying old Dorset to take his son back after kidnapping him has proved to be an ordeal for the kidnappers and an enjoyable adventure for the victim.

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Irony in the broadest sense is the reversal of expectation. O'Henry was famous for his use of irony, and the comic irony in "The Ransom of Red Chief" does not disappoint.

The story turns on irony. When the protagonists Bill and Sam kidnap Johnny, the son of the wealthy Mr. Dorset, they think getting the ransom will be easy money. They look down on the sleepy town where the Dorsets live as backward, and they think Johnny will be no problem to handle.

The irony is that little Johnny turns the tables and ends up terrorizing Bill and Sam. He attacks them with a brick and a hot potato and threatens a scalping. Playing the role of the Indian Red Chief, he acts as the kidnapper and ties up Bill. Instead of being frightened at being kidnapped and held in a cave, Johnny finds it all a thrilling adventure.

Bill and Sam are quickly reduced by Red Chief to exhaustion and terror. Their goal becomes getting rid of Red Chief rather than getting a ransom. In an ironic reversal at the end, the twosome pays...

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