BICYCLE. The Draisienne (or Laufmaschine, or dandy horse) was invented by Baron Karl von Drais, a German, in 1817. It was the first two-wheeled transport, but it had to be pushed with his feet. The first true bicycle with crank drive and pedals was the velocipede, invented by Pierre Michaux and Pierre Lallement in the 1860s.
LOCOMOTIVE. Richard Trevithick of Cornwall built the first successful steam locomotive in 1804 which made three trips in Wales; the locomotive was a success, but the rails used for transport were too weak to support the load of iron and 70 passengers.
AIRPLANE. The flights by Wilbur and Orville Wright on December 17, 1903 are still recognized as the "first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight". Unpowered gliders had been tested as early as 400 B.C. by the Greek scientist Archytas; and in the 9th and 11th centuries in which the flights resulted in severe injuries to the pilots. The first "powered" flight of a glider--pulled by a horse--was made in 1856 by Jean-Marie Le Bris.