What are some advantages and disadvantages of underage drinking (of alcohol) by high school students?

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Simply put, there are no advantages to high school students drinking alcohol. While they may perceive fitting in with their friends and looking "cool" as an advantage, this does not in any way outweigh the significant disadvantages of this behavior.

Here are the disadvantages: firstly, underage drinking is a criminal offense, and offenders risk being arrested if they are caught. Secondly, being under the influence of alcohol means that inhibitions are lowered, which increases the chances of unplanned sexual activity, unwanted pregnancies, and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. Thirdly, since underage drinking generally takes place at parties rather than at home, there are added risks around drunk driving. Even walking home when you are under the influence is a risk, because your reflexes and senses are numbed by alcohol, leaving an underage drinker with a heightened risk of being run over or assaulted.

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There are few, if any, advantages to underage drinking.  It does, perhaps, give teens a way to socialize.  You might argue that drinking when you are a teen helps you to grow up faster by learning how to handle adult things like drinking.  But these are very flimsy claims.

There are many disadvantages to underage drinking.  The most important of these is that it can lead to many health or social problems.  When teens drink, they are more likely to become alcoholic than if they wait until they are older.  There is the danger of drunk driving.  Teens who drink are more likely to engage in dangerous sexual behavior.  Sexual assaults increase as teens drink.  All of these sorts of problems are the disadvantages of underage drinking.  

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