List examples of popular sovereignty, political equality, and political liberty that can be found in the Constitution.

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This answer will only consider the Constitution itself, the product of the Philadelphia Convention, not the amendments that followed.

Popular sovereignty is perhaps best defined as the theory that political power in a government ultimately rests with the people, rather than a unified sovereign in the form of a king. The Constitution makes it clear that its powers are derived from the people in the opening three words of the Preamble: "We the People." In short, the document, or more accurately the government established by the document, was given its authority by the people. Elsewhere, Article I, Section 2 establishes that the members of the House of Representatives will be chosen by "the People of the several States" in biennial elections. This is the most direct statement of popular sovereignty in the Constitution, which, prior to the adoption of amendments, did not require that the people could choose senators. The President, of course, is chosen by the Electoral College, and no...

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