List examples of different types of solutes and solvents.  

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First, let's distinguish between the terms solute, solvent, and solution:

  • Solute: A solute is a substance that dissolves in a solvent.
  • Solvent: A solvent is a substance that is able to dissolve a solute.
  • Solution : A solution is a mixture formed when a solute is dissolved in...

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First, let's distinguish between the terms solute, solvent, and solution:

  • Solute: A solute is a substance that dissolves in a solvent.
  • Solvent: A solvent is a substance that is able to dissolve a solute.
  • Solution: A solution is a mixture formed when a solute is dissolved in a solvent.

Solutes, solvents, and solutions can exist as solids, liquids, and gases.

Gas Solutions

Deep-sea diver's gas:

  • solvent: oxygen (gas)
  • solute: helium (gas)

Air and water:

  • solvent: air (gas)
  • solute: water (liquid)

Liquid Solutions

Oxygen in water:

  • solvent: water (liquid)
  • solute: oxygen (gas)

Vinegar:

  • solvent: water (liquid)
  • solute: acetic acid (liquid)

Salt water:

  • solvent: water (liquid)
  • solute: salt (solid)

Solid Solutions

Gas stove lighter:

  • solvent: palladium (solid)
  • solute: hydrogen (gas)

Dental amalgam:

  • solvent: silver (solid)
  • solute: mercury (liquid)

Silver in gold:

  • solvent: gold (solid)
  • solute: silver (solid)

In general, when solutes and solvents are chemically similar, they are more likely to form a solution. For example, a polar solute will tend to dissolve best in a polar solvent. Likewise, a nonpolar solute will tend to dissolve best in a nonpolar solvent. 

 

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