1. In the play's first scene, Christopher Sly, who has passed out from drinking, is tricked into believing that he is actually a nobleman, thus initiating the theme of the disconnect between appearance and reality. The lord who tricks Sly tells his huntsmen:
"Persuade him that he hath been lunatic;
And when he says he is, say that he dreams,
For he is nothing but a mighty lord."
2. In Act I, Scene 1, Tranio, Lucentio's servant, tells Lucentio, who has come from Pisa to study in Padua,
"You will be schoolmaster
And undertake the teaching of the maid:
That's your device."
This is part of a plan for Lucentio to gain access to Bianca, the woman with whom he has fallen in love.
3. Katharina is widely regarded as a shrew; in Act II Scene 1, she and Petruchio, who will ultimately win her, verbally spar. She tells him, "If I be waspish, best beware my sting." Though Katharina presents herself as a tough, take-no-prisoners woman to would-be suitors, in truth, she is insecure because of the attention her sister Bianca wins from everyone—perhaps most of all, their father.