Given that we do not know what grade you are in or what your vocabulary is, it is difficult to know what sorts of words would be difficult or simple for you. Therefore, we can only try to come up with some words that might fit your needs.
- On page 15, we find the word “aboriginal.” This is a word that will show up often in the book because it refers to the people who are native to a given land.
- On p. 45, we find the word “characteristic.” It is important to note that the word is being used as an adjective here and not as a noun like it usually is. In this context, it means something like “typical.”
- On p. 63, the word “egalitarian” is used. This word is used to describe societies in which all the people are more or less equal to one another.
- On p. 77, Diamond uses the word “immunity.” In this context, it refers to defenses that people have that protect them (that make them immune) to a disease.
- On p. 89, we see the word “domestication.” Something is “domesticated” if it is controlled by people for their own use. This can be seen as the opposite of “wild.”
- On p. 97, the word “morphological” appears. This word means something like “having to do with the form or shape of a body.”
- The word “literate” is used on p. 102. This word means “able to read and write.”
- The word “agronomists” is used on p. 115. An agronomist is someone who studies the ways to use plants.
- On p. 121, Diamond uses “mutant” a number of times. A plant is a “mutant” if it has undergone a mutation. A mutation is a change. In this case, it is a genetic change.
- On p. 145, the word “indiscriminate” is used. If you do something indiscriminately, it means you are doing it without really caring what you are affecting.
- The word “indigenous” is found on p. 161. It means “native.” Unlike “aboriginal,” it can be used to refer to plants and animals, not just to people.
- On p. 179, the word “botanists” is used. Botanists are people who study the characteristics of plants.
- On p. 205, we see the word “microbes.” Microbes are single-celled organisms.
- The word “diffusion” is found on p. 225. Something “diffuses” when it spreads out from the place where it already exists.
- On p. 275, we find the word “reciprocal.” In this case, it means that two groups of people are doing similar things for one another. They are each giving one another gifts of similar value, thus making their gift-giving reciprocal.