Do the lines of Derek Walcott's poem, "because we serve English, like a two-headed sentry / guarding its borders? No language is neutral;..." contain personification, internal rhyme, irony or caesuras? Derek Walcott in Midsummer (1984):      "Have we changed sides ...because we serve English, like two-headed sentryguarding its borders? No language is neutral;the green oak of English is a murmurous cathedral ..."  

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The second and third lines definitely contain caesuras (or caesurae, whichever you prefer). As the other responses have noted, a caesura is a pause in a line of poetry meant to create a sense of natural speech rather than emphasize poetic meter. In both of these cases we have a “medial” pause – a break in the middle of the line – and Wolcott is quite fond of this device. The first comes at the end of a grammatical clause (“because we serve English,”), while the second forms the end of a grammatical sentence (“guarding its borders?”).  Both are prime examples of a break in a line of poetry being caused by something other than poetic meter, and both draw attention to a particular image. In the first case, the caesura emphasizes the basic concern of the...

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