The Limit Represents The Derivative Of Some Function F At Some Number A. State Such An F And A.

The limit represents the derivative of some function f(x) at some number a. Find f and a.

lim (h->0) of  ((7+h)^2-49)/h



Asked on by jimmy9901

1 Answer

sciencesolve's profile pic

sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

Suppose that the function is `f(x)=x^2`  and `a = 7` .

You need to find the derivative of the function at  x=a=7, hence, using the limit definition of derivatives yields:

`f'(x) = lim_(h-gt0) (f(x+h)-f(x))/h`

`f'(x) = lim_(h-gt0) ((x+h)^2-x^2)/h`

Expanding the binomial yields:

`f'(x) = lim_(h-gt0) (x^2 + 2xh + h^2 - x^2)/h`

Reducing like terms yields:

`f'(x) = lim_(h-gt0) (2xh + h^2)/h`

Factoring out h yields:

`f'(x) = lim_(h-gt0) h(2x + h)/h =gt f'(x) = lim_(h-gt0) (2x + h) = 2x`

Equating `((x+h)^2-x^2)/h`  and `((7+h)^2-49)/h`  yields x + h = 7 + h and `x^2 = 49` .

Notice that het relations gives `x_(1,2) = +-7`  but the first relation x + h = 7 + h excludes the value -7, hence x = 7.

Hence, evaluating the function yields that `f(x) = x^2`  and a=7 => f'(7) = 14.