The Lemon test established that
A. states may prohibit religious activities that present a clear and present danger.
B. citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice.
C. there shall be no excessive entanglement of government and religion.
D. no state can establish an official religion.
E. only religions that pass the "smell" test can freely practice.
The best answer to this question is Option C.
The Lemon Test is a test that the Supreme Court made up to try to define when a government action violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. This clause says that the government cannot establish an official religion. The problem with this clause is that we do not know how far it goes. Can the government give money to a religious school or would that be a violation of the Establishment Clause? Can the government put up a nativity scene in front of a government building?
In the Lemon Test, the Court said that a government action that helps religion violates the Establishment Clause unless it:
- Has a significant non-religious purpose.
- Does not advance or harm religion as its primary effect AND
- Does not “foster excessive entanglement” of the government and religion.
Thus, we can clearly see that Option C is the right answer.