a large bin for holding heavy material must be in the shape of a box with an open top and square base.the base will cost $7 a square foot and sides cost $9 a foot if the volume must be 170 cubic feet. find the dimesions that will minimize the cost of the box's  contruction base: each side:

Expert Answers

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Let us assume the base dimension as xft and height of the box as yft.

Volume of the box `(V) = x*x*y`


`170 = x*x*y`

   `y = 170/x^2`


We have one square base and four side faces in the box.

If the cost of construction is A;

`A = x^2*7+4*x*y*9`

`A = 7x^2+36*x*170/x^2`

`A = 7x^2+6120/x`


For cost of construction to be maximum or minimum` (dA)/dx = 0`


`(dA)/dx = 14x-6120/x^2`


When `(dA)/dx = 0` ;

`14x-6120/x^2 = 0`

          `x^3 = 6120/14`

            `x = 7.56`


If the cost is minimum at x = 7.56 then `((d^2A)/(dx^2))_(x=7.56)>0`


`(d^2A)/(dx^2) = 14+12240/x^3`


Since x>0 then `14+12240/x^3>0` always.

`(d^2A)/(dx^2)>0` always. This means A has a minimum.


So the cost is minimum at x = 7.56

`y = 170/7.56^2 = 2.97`



base = 7.56ft

side = 2.97ft




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