Lamb To The Slaughter Symbolism

In "Lamb to the Slaughter," what two symbols appear in the story?

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The two most significant symbols are 'lamb' and 'supper'. Both of these are used in a profoundly ironic context on many different levels.

A lamb is deemed an innocent, harmless animal. It is feeble and non-threatening, and, dare we say, quite stupid. Mary, in this context, may be represented as...

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The two most significant symbols are 'lamb' and 'supper'. Both of these are used in a profoundly ironic context on many different levels.

A lamb is deemed an innocent, harmless animal. It is feeble and non-threatening, and, dare we say, quite stupid. Mary, in this context, may be represented as the lamb for, throughout the story she presents a docile, servile attitude. She does her best to please her husband, and, like the innocent and unsuspecting lamb, is punished for her love, kindness and unquestioning duty to him. He unscrupulously discards her like a rotten rag, even though she had obviously been utterly at his service throughout their marriage - and she is due to further bless him with a child. He arrogantly informs her about his decision to leave, expecting her not to do anything about it. The irony is that the well-serving and docile lamb does decide to do something and, at a whim, she murders him. She then, unlike the proverbial lamb, intelligently masks her guilt by creating an alibi and cleverly disposes of the murder weapon.

Patrick Maloney, in this context, could also to some degree be seen as symbolic of a lamb - not in the same sense as described above, but as the unsuspecting victim of a killing. Just as a lamb would be unsuspecting of its fate when it is led to slaughter, is Patrick Maloney caught completely unawares. He could hardly have expected any form of retribution from his wife, least of all murder!

In a literal context, the leg of lamb was used to 'slaughter' Patrick Maloney. In an ironic twist, the frozen leg of lamb, which, to add further irony, is the product of a lamb which had also been slaughtered, has become a weapon. In this sense, then, the lamb is truly taken to slaughter - in this case to slaughter the victim.

'Supper' denotes a period of satisfaction - the last big meal of the day, followed by relaxation and rest. In the story, Mary's insistence that her husband have supper is symbolic of her desire to serve and please him. It is an indication of her profoundly servile attitude to him - a fact that Patrick Maloney seemingly does not appreciate. It is this 'supper' which ultimately leads to his death, for Mary had initially take the leg of lamb out of the freezer to cook for him, but then uses it as a murder weapon.

Furthermore, the supper is symbolic of "The Last Supper" depicted in Christian literature, when Christ enjoyed his last meal with the disciples before his arrest, incarceration, trial and final crucifixion. Ironically though, Patrick does not enjoy this supper since he is killed before it is prepared.

Mary Maloney uses the supper as an excuse to create an alibi. In this regard, the supper becomes a symbol of her deception. She cleverly encourages the investigating policemen to enjoy the meal and finish off the lamb, thus getting rid of the evidence completely! It is ironic that one of the men should remark: "It's probably right under our noses" whilst enjoying the most incriminating proof. 

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