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"The Lady of Shalott" opens with powerful figurative language in the first two parts. In Part I, Tennyson uses metaphor in the lines:
"Long fields of barley and of rye
That clothe the wold and meet the sky" (2-3).
He compares the crops in the fields to clothing that cover the world in gold and green. This part of the world is productive and bountiful; it is the world outside Shalott.
In the next stanza, Tennyson uses personification with "aspens quiver, Little breezes dusk and shiver" (10-11) to introduce the setting of Shallot. He portrays the aspens and the breezes as having human characteristics or qualities, being able to "quiver" or "shiver." This use of figurative language suggests that the natural world is uneasy or fearful of Shalott.
In Part II, the lady is compared to a spider through the metaphor in the opening lines:
Here she weaves by night and day
A magic web with colors gay. (37-38)
The comparison to a spider is an interesting one, suggesting that the lady is bound to her web for her livelihood, much in the same way a spider is.
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