The L.C.M and H.C.F of two numbers are 840 and 14 respectively and if ona of the numbers is 42 then find the other number.

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cosinusix | College Teacher | (Level 3) Assistant Educator

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Let q the second number.

 

Either you know the following theorem:

`LCM(x,y)*HCF(x,y)=x*y`

and apply it to q and 42:

`42q=840*14`

Therefore q=840*14/42=280

 

or we find a second method

Use the prime factorization:

840=5*7*2^3*3

42=2*3*7

 

q is a divisor of 840 therefore q is the product of some of the terms 5, 7, 2^3, 3

Let's find which ones.

3 is a divisor of 42, 3 is not a divisor of LCM(q,42) therefore 3 is not a divisor of q.

5 is a divisor of HCF(q,42) and 5 is not a divisor of 42 therefore 5 is a divisor of q.

7 is a divisor of LCM(q,42) therefore 7 is a divisor of q and 42

2^3 is a divisor of 42 or q and is not a divisor of 42 therefore 2^3 is a divisor of q.

 

In conclusion, q=7*2^3*5=280

 

 

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