When it comes to crime and its causes, there are nearly as many causation factors as crimes themselves. The motivation behind an individual's criminal activity can range from a lack of economic opportunities to simply enjoying the thrill they receive from engaging in illegal behaviors. The notion that criminal behavior...
When it comes to crime and its causes, there are nearly as many causation factors as crimes themselves. The motivation behind an individual's criminal activity can range from a lack of economic opportunities to simply enjoying the thrill they receive from engaging in illegal behaviors. The notion that criminal behavior is exclusively demonstrated by physically or mentally impaired individuals is not entirely accurate.
Indeed, it is true that a good percentage of incarcerated individuals have been found to have varying degrees of mental distress. As reported by the American Psychological Association (APA), "64 percent of jail inmates, 54 percent of state prisoners and 45 percent of federal prisoners" suffer from some form of mental illness, with the most frequent diagnosis being major depression (APA).
All the same, it is not always clear as to what percentage of these illnesses has actually contributed to an inmate's crime(s), as opposed to what percentage of these illnesses has been precipitated by incarceration itself.
A 2014 research study performed by the APA actually seems to support the idea that mental illness plays an insignificant role in the causation of criminal activity. In fact, this study concluded that out of 429 crimes committed by 143 offenders, "only 7.5 percent were directly related to symptoms of mental illness" (APA). So while there are criminals who suffer from physical or mental conditions, this particular population cannot account for all of the crimes that are committed.
Crime may be more likely to occur in Western societies than in Eastern societies for many reasons. Factors such as the availability of drugs and weapons, cultural differences, economic climate, and the severity of punishment for crimes committed can all play a critical role in this phenomenon. Likewise, crime rates tend to be higher in urban areas than in rural areas due to factors such as greater disparity between the rich and the poor, greater competition for economic security, and increased opportunities for criminal activities.
When determining what types of careers may be sought after by individuals with psychopathic traits and tendencies, it is important to fully understand what psychopathy involves. Psychopathy refers to a chronic lack of empathy or regard for the feelings and experiences of others. While traumatic life events such as child abuse may exacerbate psychopathic traits within an individual, true psychopathy is actually something someone is born with.
Psychology Today describes psychopaths as "manipulative, volatile and often (but by no means always) criminal." So, while it is not unlikely for a psychopath to engage in criminal activity, it is also common for them to establish careers in a wide range of fields.
The common phrase "Don't judge a book by its cover" is an excellent reference to remember when thinking about psychopathy. Despite a psychopath having no real ability to care for or emotionally relate to others, observers may perceive them as being charismatic and alluring. Therefore, psychopaths would likely do well to pursue any career path in which they could utilize the art of persuasion. Particularly good careers for psychopaths could include lawyer, politician, entertainer, or salesperson.