I know conjunctivitis is pink eye, but what actually is conjunctiv?

4 Answers | Add Yours

dano7744's profile pic

dano7744 | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator

Posted on

The conjunctiva is the mm, mucous membrane (opens to the exterior)  that lines the eyelids. It is divided into three segments, the bulbar conjunctiva covers the anterior portion of the eyeball. Fornix conjunctiva forms a fold between the eyeball and the eyelid. Palpebral conjunctiva covers the underside of the eyelids.

Conjunctivitis is inflammation of one or all segments of the conjunctiva. Etiology can be viral, bacterial or from a nonpathogenic source. The most common form of conjunctivitis involves the palpebral section of the conjunctiva. If the conjunctivitis is due to a viral or bacterial infection it is commonly called "pinkeye". If bacterial, ophthalmic antibiotics may be needed. If the cause is viral, only supportive care is needed.

Pinkeye is characterized by red, itchy eyes that may have a discharge and may crust over.

besure77's profile pic

besure77 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

Posted on

Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is when the conjunctive is inflamed. The conjunctiva is clear and covers the white parts of our eyes and the insides of the eyelids.

Conjunctivitis can be caused by numerous things such as a viral infection, a bacterial infection, irritants such as hair spray or chlorine from a swimming pool, or allergens. Symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness, swelling, itching or burning, sensitivity to light, and blurred vision. Conjunctivitis is very contagious and many times antibiotics need to be taken to treat it. It is very important to restrain from touching your eyes when you have conjunctivitis and make sure that hands are washed thoroughly and often.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

The word "conjunctivitis" comes from the word "conjunctiva" not just "conjunctiv."  So conjunctivitis is the swelling of the conjunctiva.

The conjunctiva is a membrane in a person's eye.  It is transparent and it lines the eyelid and part of the eyeball. The purpose of this membrane is to help lubricate your eye.  It gives off fluids that protect and lubricate your eye as it moves.

When you get pink eye, this membrane becomes inflamed.  When this happens, blood veins in the conjunctiva stand out more and that is why your eye gets the red or pink look that gives this problem its more common name.

krishna-agrawala's profile pic

krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

The medical  name conjunctivitis for the illness called pink eye is derived from the word conjunctiva, which is the medical name given to the membrane that covers the white part of the eyeball and the inner lining of the eye lid. Conjunctivitis is a condition caused by inflammation of this membrane. In the field of medicine the suffix itis is applied to different part of the body to indicate some medical problem or disease affecting that part. Thus conjunctivitis refers to inflammation of the conjunctiva.

It should be nated that conjunctivitis or pink eye can be caused by several different reasons including infections of bacteria, virus or other microorganisms. It may also be caused by allergic reactions or chemical burns.

We’ve answered 318,917 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question