Here goes. The novel tells the story of the lives of Scout and her brother, Jem, children growing up in Maycomb, Alabama during the 1930s. Along with their summer friend, Dill, the children become entranced with the idea of getting a glimpse of their reclusive and unseen neighbor, Boo Radley. Meanwhile, their attorney father, Atticus Finch, has decided to defend Tom Robinson, a black man falsely accused of raping a local white woman, Mayella Ewell. The children get caught up in the trial, in which Tom is convicted and eventually killed trying to escape from prison. Jem and Scout become the targets of Bob Ewell, the father of Mayella, who tries to kill them one Halloween night on their way home from school, but Boo Radley--who the children have never seen--shows up to save them, killing Bob in the process.
A first-person narrative recounting two years in the life of Scout Finch, To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel of personal growth, social justice (and injustice), and friendship. While the writing employs generous amounts of humor, the core of the book is essentially concerned with the problems of prejudice and cultural bias in the 1930s American South.
This is interesting. Here goes: To Kill a Mockingbird is the story of a young girl named Scout whose father is a lawyer defending a black man accused of raping a white woman. She lives in a small Southern town that is shaken by the trial, because the man could not have physically committed the crime. He is convicted anyway, and Scout learns a lesson about life in the South in the Great Depression.
To Kill a Mockingbird is a retrospective view of the process of her own maturation by Scout Finch as she passes from the superstitious child who fears "haints" to the girl who learns that people are often from odd homes with strange values. In so learning of the diverse thinking of others, Scout comes to understand the differences of people while at the same time she is made aware of the evil that men do"(Julius Caesar). From her many childhood experiences, Scout acquires an appreciation for the wisdom of her parent and her friend, Miss Maudie, as well as a mature evaluation of her society.
The novel is a story of how two children learn more about the various kinds of discrimination that exist in Maycomb. This is something that they too are involved in, as the discriminate Boo Radley, just as others discriminat him and other characters in the novel. By the end of the novel, however, they are forced to see the dangers of discrimination and are able to overcome their prejudice, as they come to view Boo Radley as a human and a friend and not a bogeyman.
I'll put a slightly different spin on this.
This book is the story of how two children, Jem and Scout Finch, grow up and start to understand the world in more adult ways. As the book starts, they are young children who do not understand why the world is the way it is. They look at it from a very narrow point of view. Through the Tom Robinson trial, as well as through their interactions with such people as Boo Radley, the Cunningham family, and Mrs. Dubose, the children learn to view the world in a completely different way.