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Jem and Scout are somewhat sheltered from the "real world." Atticus is a very accepting man, unlike most of the town, and has taught the children about equality and acceptance. Miss Maudie approaches life the same way, and the children see through her the importance of not judging others. However, this attitude is not apparent in the rest of the town, where prejudice (specifically racism) abounds. The children are also sheltered from man of life's others corruptions, just has hatred. However, as the children see in the courtroom, and as they experience in town on the night of the mob, the real world is full of hatred, judgment, and intolerance. Scout specifically battles the "real world" when her cousin and classmates are calling Atticus names that, though she doesn't know exactly what they mean, are said in an insulting tone. Atticus protects his children from this awareness as long as he can (for example, he doesn't want them in the courtroom, but they sneak in anyway), but he can't sheltered them forever. He does use these experiences to teach the children a better way to act and view others.
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