Just a few questions I am having trouble answering. Please help.explain why you think Dante put the gluttons in eternal excrement list 5 biblical concepts that Donte uses as argument according to...

Just a few questions I am having trouble answering. Please help.

explain why you think Dante put the gluttons in eternal excrement

list 5 biblical concepts that Donte uses as argument

according to Dante, who are the 3 hypocrites in civilization, and why?

Expert Answers
lynnebh eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In the first part of Dante's Divine Comedy, The Inferno, the people that are condemned to hell are given punishments that are appropriate to their sin. Since gluttons are those that eat too much, it is only fitting that they are condemned to live out their eternal lives in eternal excrement.

The hypocrites are described in Canto 23. They are all dressed up to look very fine but, as in the Bible, they are "white-washed tombs" - white on the outside, but dead on the inside. The hypocrites speak to Dante: 

Then turning to me, they made this appeal:
           "O Tuscan, you who approach this congregation
        Of pitiful hypocrites, do not disdain to reveal
                                                            
94    Who you are." 

Three hypocritical groups that Dante condemns are corrupt popes, corrupt friars or monks, and corrupt politicians and leaders. The following condemns Frederick II who supposedly put lead capes on traitors and threw them into boiling water.

They were lined with lead so heavy that to compare
           Them with Frederick's would make that king's fabric  
        Seem like straw.

Two friars who are named as hypocrites and are found in hell are:

We were Jovial Friars before we died,              Both from Bologna, his name Loderingo, Catalano mine

I am not sure what you mean by "5 Biblical concents that Dante uses as argument" - but the main idea of The Divine Comedy is the pursuit of salvation. Related to salvation are the concepts of free will and God's providence or grace. Those that are not saved are condemned to hell, so that is the Biblical concept that man is either condemned or redeemed. If he is redeemed, he goes to Paradise. If he is condemned, he goes to hell.

Read the complete analysis of this work here on eNotes.

 

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Dante's Inferno

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