Is The Jungle Book fiction or non-fiction?  

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Hollis Sanders eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling is a collection of stories that are all entirely fictional. We can be absolutely certain of this given that most of the stories concern anthropomorphic animals that communicate in the English language not only with each other, but with humans as well. The Jungle Book has been an invaluable work of fiction for over a century, particularly for children, and has been adapted into several versions of film and other media.

Though The Jungle Book is largely concerned with animals as its primary characters, the stories and morals are less about the natural world and far more concerned with representing human archetypes with the animals themselves. To this end, the book teaches lessons about morality and society in an entertaining and easily digestible way, as it is speculated that Kipling first wrote the stories for his daughter.

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Olen Bruce eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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All of these stories are fictional. The Jungle Book is a series of fictional stories that feature anthropomorphic animals who have the characteristics of humans and speak. Some stories feature Mowgli, a boy raised by wolves. The animals in the stories include not only the wolf family but also Baloo—a bear—and Bagheera, the black panther. These animals attempt to instruct Mowgli in the Law of the Jungle. Other stories in the book include the tale of Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, a mongoose taken in by a British family. The mongoose battles against venomous cobras to protect the family. Another story in the collection is "Toomai of the Elephants," the story of an elephant driver and his little son, who glimpses the dance of the elephants that no human has ever before seen. 

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