Julia concludes that a certain type of plant grows best in sandy soil. Rico suggests that this plant type grows best because it has the right amount of water. Which critical thinking skill is he...
Julia concludes that a certain type of plant grows best in sandy soil. Rico suggests that this plant type grows best because it has the right amount of water. Which critical thinking skill is he using?
A. Alternative Explanation
B. Experimental Testing
C. Logical Reasoning
D. Observational Testing
The correct answer here is choice A) Alternative explanation.
Let us check each option one by one, starting with option B.
Experimental Testing: There is no evidence, from the given information, that Rico conducted any experiments to test his suggestions. So we have to rule out this possibility.
Option C: Logical Reasoning: It could have been an answer, except that there is no basis for drawing Rico's suggestion. For making a suggestion based on logical reasoning, some information is needed.
Option D: Observational Testing: This option also does not work, since there is no data to support that Rico did some observations to arrive at his suggestion.
That leaves us with option A (Alternative Explanation). Julia may have her reasons (whether based on experimental testing or observational testing) to conclude that the plant grows best in sandy soil, but Rico is simply making a suggestion. Rico is providing an alternative explanation for why the plant grows best, as compared to Julia's conclusion.
Hope this helps.