The answer to this is that John's previous salary was right about $39,130. Here is how you can find this answer:

Set up the equation like this:

45000/x = 115/100

This is because the relationship between 45000 and x (the original salary) is the same as the relationship between 115 and 100 (the new salary is 115% of the old).

Now you can cross multiply. We will multiply 45000 by 100 and 115 by x. That leaves us with

4,500,000 = 115x

divide both sides by 115 and you get

x = 39,130.43

Let us assume that John's salary before the raise was x

Then they gave him a 15% raise on his salary of x

Then, his current salary= original salary + The raise

45,000 = x + 0.15 x

45,000 = 1.15 x

==> x = 45,000/1.15 = 39,130 (approx.)

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