The people outside the reservation have been conditioned from a young age by science, which has taken the place of conventional parenting. However, someone who does have a parent can certainly be conditioned. Ask yourself, "How does Linda's influence (her words, actions, life) form John's thoughts about the world? How do Linda and her life have a hand in forming his fears, hopes, likes, and dislikes? You can also ask yourself about others on the reservation. How do Pope and Mitsima "condition" John to perceive the world? What about his treatment at the hands of those on the reservation? How does his conditioning within the reservation actually lead to a lack of freedom/decision when he leaves the reservation?