At the very end of the original version of John Bunyan’s work The Pilgrim’s Progress, a character named Ignorance, who has appeared several times earlier in the book, approaches the gates of the Celestial City (Heaven) and assumes that he will be admitted. Instead, he is thrown from that city down into hell. Bunyan’s description of this episode follows in bold, with non-bold commentary thereafter:
When he was come up to the gate, he looked up to the writing that was above, and then began to knock, supposing that entrance should have been quickly administered to him;
The attitude of Ignorance here is presumptuous; he automatically assumes that he will be invited into heaven, even though there is no reason to think he is truly saved. Throughout the book, he has assumed that a conventionally “good” life, exemplified by conventionally “good” works,...
(The entire section contains 480 words.)