If Jocasta is Oedipus's mother and Laius is his father, who is Merope and Polybus?

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Before the action of Oedipus Rexbegins, Merope and Polybus, the Queen and King of Corinth, adopted Oedipus as a baby (after Jocasta and Laius tried to have him killed).

Knowing they could not have children, the shepherd from Thebes gave the injured baby to the shepherd from Corinth, who...

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Before the action of Oedipus Rex begins, Merope and Polybus, the Queen and King of Corinth, adopted Oedipus as a baby (after Jocasta and Laius tried to have him killed).

Knowing they could not have children, the shepherd from Thebes gave the injured baby to the shepherd from Corinth, who delivered the babe to the royal couple.  In this way, Oedipus went from being a prince in one city-state to another.

Later, in Oedipus Rex, Oedipus will hear news that Polybus has died, and he will be crowned King of both city-states as well.  At first, he thinks this proves the oracle untrue (that he could not have killed his father, Polybus), but the messenger tells him that Polybus is not his biological father.  The testimony of the messenger and the shepherd confirm the secret adoption that happened years ago.

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