What role does jazz play in The Great Gatsby

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The 1920s, the period in which The Great Gatsby is set, were known as "the Roaring Twenties" and also as "the Jazz Age." Jazz was a popular musical form during the period and was known as an expressionistic form of music.

There are three direct references to jazz in the novel, all of which occur in scenes set at one of Gatsby's parties. The three references are quoted below.

A celebrated tenor had sung in Italian and a notorious contralto had sung in jazz and between the numbers people were doing "stunts" all over the garden, while happy vacuous bursts of laughter rose toward the summer sky.

In this first reference, the jazz music is playing at one of Gatsby's parties. Gatsby's parties are so popular in part because they are so extravagant and hedonistic. People flock to these parties because they provide an opportunity for free, unrestrained expression. Thus, as jazz music is an expressionistic art form, it is the perfect choice of music to reflect the nature of these parties.

When the "Jazz...

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