It’s about a Old Testament covenant (Noah, Abraham, the Israelites or David) How was God involved? Directly or indirectly? How did he get his messages to his followers? What has he asked of his faithful? What important messages are conveyed through this covenant? What was the outcome of this covenant?

God's covenant to Noah, which he gave to him directly, specified that he would never again flood the Earth with water. As a sign of the covenant God created the rainbow. This covenant was established after Noah obeyed God, built the ark, and saved his family and representatives of all animal species from the deluge.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The story of Noah provides a good example of a covenant that God makes with a man. You can find it in Chapters 6 through 9 of the Book of Genesis, the first book in the Old Testament of the Bible. God deals directly with Noah in this instance, speaking in words and even giving complex engineering instructions.

The story tells that God considers human activity and "saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth." He decides to destroy humankind, but "Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord." For this reason, God spares Noah and his family. He gives Noah precise instructions on how to construct an ark, or large boat, including the type of wood to use, the type of waterproofing to use, the dimensions, the size of the window and door and where to place them, and the number of floors. At this time, God says that "with thee I will establish my covenant," but he does not give any more details of the covenant.

God tells Noah to bring in his wife, his sons, and his sons's wives. He also instructs Noah to bring inside seven males and seven females of every clean beast and bird (clean in this context meaning fit to eat), and two males and two females of beasts that are not clean. Once all the humans and animals are inside, God shuts and seals the door.

The flood lasts for 40 days and covers the highest mountains, so that every creature on the Earth dies except those within the ark. After that, everyone in the ark has to wait 150 more days for the waters to recede. After Noah tests with a raven to be sure that the land is dry, he opens the door of the ark and God instructs him to go out with his family and all the beasts.

Noah builds an altar and sacrifices some of the clean animals on it. God is pleased with the sacrifice and decides that "while the Earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease." God blesses Noah and his sons, telling them to "be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the Earth." God then speaks to Noah and his sons and says:

And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the Earth.

Then God says that he will create a "token," or symbol, as a sign of his covenant: "I do set my bow in the cloud."

In conclusion, God asks a lot of Noah. He ask him to construct an enormous boat and gather animals to put inside before there is even a hint of the coming deluge. After the flood, God's covenant is that he will never again cause such a great flood to cover the Earth. As a sign of his promise, he creates rainbows.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team