What are the issues found in Victorian literature that can be compared to those of the modern age (i.e. modernism)?
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Original question: issues problems as found in victorian literature to be compared to the modern age?
Although the modernist poets defined much of their work in contrast with that of their Victorian predecessors, both modernist and Victorian writers share many of the same concerns.
The “woman problem” is present in both periods, especially in fiction. The “new woman” novel or play in which a new type or careerist woman is heroine, can be seen from 1890s on, in both male authors such as Gissing and Shaw and a legion of women writers including Schreiner and Oliphant. Progress in opening careers to women and women’s suffrage shifted the focus from the question of if women could earn money more to career parity and gender roles in the later period.
Loss of faith was a major issue in the poems and novels of the Victorian era. For many modernist authors, the question became how to construct a system of values in a post-religious world.
The social problems novels and poems, addressing the lot of the poor and disenfranchised, are common to both periods. Victorians seem more concerned with prostitution and the new phenomenon of urbanization, while for modernists urbanization is taken for granted, race and ethnicity are increasing concerns, and Marxist as opposed to reformist political stances are more common.