Discuss Islamic Influence on the world. The Muslim golden Age and their achievementsThe Islamic world's golden age? when did it begin? when did it last (Time period)? Thier Achievements, when did...

Discuss Islamic Influence on the world. The Muslim golden Age and their achievements

The Islamic world's golden age? when did it begin? when did it last (Time period)? Thier Achievements, when did it end?

Asked on by kwakye102

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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It seems like the Islamic Golden Age went from 750 to 1258, so it lasted about 500 years.  Here is a link for some more specific and hopefully non-biased information about it: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_Golden_Age

There were advancements in science, art, philosophy and medicine.

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etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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In posting #22 I speculated about the reason for the end to the Islamic Golden Age.  I going to do that again.

I want to be sensitve to other cultures, but my own cultural bias make that difficult when other cultures limit freedom of speech.  On the other hand my granddaddy says "better to ask forgiveness than permission."

I found another reason for the demise of Islamic culture.  Pakistan is limiting the exchange of information on the internet due to the nonislamic content of websites.  One must wonder if 800 years ago, restrictions on the free-flow of information in the Islamic Empire contributed to its end.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10130195

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etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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I said in a previous post that Omar Kayyam discovered the solution to the quadratic equation. (At least they teach us that is school.)  Recently I read in a book by  Stephen Hawking that an Indian mathematician discovered the method.

Wikipedia suggests

"The Bakhshali Manuscript written in India in the 7th century AD contained an algebraic formula for solving quadratic equations."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadratic_equation

I should say that even if Khayyam did not discovered the solution to the quadratic equation, he has still infuluenced English speaking culture because the British and American school systems instist that children read his poetry.

 

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huggybizzak14322 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) eNoter

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I actuall expected racisme, but you people are mature, Masha Allah in other words nice of you not to disgrace the religion.

etotheeyepi's profile pic

etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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In my search for Muslim scholars who influenced the world beyond Islam, I often can't tell if a particular scholar influenced western culture or if western culture rediscovered an idea independent of Islam.

So far, I think I have found two men who clearly have had an impact outside of Islam. They are Omar Khayyam and Ibn Al Haytheam.

"Many of Ibn Al-Haytham’s works, especially his huge Book of Optics, were translated into Latin by the medieval scholar Gerard of Cremona. This has a profound impact on the 13th-century big thinkers like Roger Bacon and Witelo, and ..."

http://www.ibnalhaytham.net/


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etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Al Jazari (1136-1206) designed machines to convert the potential energy of a water source to pump water or move clocks. He was an Arab or a Kurd; the verdict is not in on his nationality.  Ben Kingsley stars in an interesting Video as Al Jazari in posting #12.

Al Jazari’s ideas may have been used in Italy by Giovanni de Dondi in 1364 and Francesco di Giorgio in 1501.  He may also have influenced Leonardo Di Vinci.

The source of this information does not include anything about how Al Jazari’s work might have been used to make paper, gun powder, or flour; but one must wonder about the possibility.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Jazari

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faizanjattt | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) eNoter

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islam is fastest growing religion of world because islam have complete way of life,islam guides its followers that how to live? how to eat? what are rights of your parents? your neighbers,other people .... so islam is religion of peace for those who know the real teachings of islam. 

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etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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So what happened to the Golden Age? Where did it go?

The answer might come from a Harvard economics professor, Eric Chaney.  He asks questions: Why does the Arab World have a "democracy deficit?" And why do they remain "economically stunted?" He notes that the greatest deficit and the least economic growth appears in countries which were conquered by Arab armies after the death of the Prophet Muhammad. Arab political control brought centralized government, weak civil society, and a dependent merchant class.

see:

Fareed Zakaria. Time, "A Region at War with its History." April 18, 2012. Page 24. 

etotheeyepi's profile pic

etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Here in California, the world history textbooks say that we know about Rome and Greece because Muslim scholars preserved the content of ancient Greek and Latin manuscript in Arabic. 

Well, that's what the textbooks say, but they don't give any details.  So far I have not found and example of an Arabic manuscript, which is the basis for modern knowledge of classical culture.  For example, as near as I call tell, our knowledge of Thucydides is based on Greek manuscripts rather than Arabic manuscripts.

So, the question:

What ancient Greek or Latin author exists in English because of an Arabic manuscript?

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drahmad1989 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Islam has a vast scope on the whole world. Period of golden age is always for truth ( Islam) . you can see that every preaching of Islam is till that moment is proving true to life and nature. Not a single step or order is against the nature. 

so nature is always going to do better . Golden age of muslims and Islam is different thing. whenever muslims follow preechings of Islam in true sense that period is the best one among all periods. 

we can divide periods :

by following Islam as a true religious and this period is the period of Followers Sahaba(R.A.)  of Holy Prophet(P.B.U.H.)  and this is golfen era of the Islam . As Islam spread over the half of the world.

and seccond is that when muslim try to follow Islam preeching and thinks on all aspects of orders with reason. Muslims gets hold on almost all sciences at that time because they were first to make experiments in science.

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etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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Averroes, aka Ibn Rushd, (1126–1198)

A commentator of Aristotle, who wrote two of three different commentaries on the same work, and some 38 commentaries by him on the works of Aristotle have been identified.  Although his writings had only marginal impact in Islamic countries, his works had a huge impact in the Latin West in the 12th and 13th centuries.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commentaries_on_Aristotle

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etotheeyepi | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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In reply to #17

This thread is about "Islamic influence on the world."  Seems to me that means Islamic influence on people other than Muslims.

So the question remains, who, other than Muslims, did al-Mutanabbi influence?

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