Islamic and Arabian culturalwhat are the basic beliefs of the islamic religion? To what degree are they reflective of the experiences of Muhammad and the culture of the Arabian society at this time? 

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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This is a broad question. In today's culture of histeria and prejudice, I think it is important to note that there is nothing inherently evil about Islam. It is similar to most religions. It has been hijacked and corrupted by extremists using religion to get power.
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vangoghfan | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The most basic belief of Islam is strict monotheism and a belief that Muhammad was the last prophet of God.  The way one becomes Muslim, for example, is simply to declare in public that you believe that there is only one God and Muhammad is his prophet.  This statement of faith is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.