Yes, Islam is a religion. The practice of Islam stems from the seventh century A.D., when Muhammad claims to have received direct revelations from Allah. These revelations were recorded in the Qur'an, Islam's sacred text. Adherents to Islam are known as Muslims or Moslems. The basic tenets of Islam comprise the "Five Pillars of Islam," which include: faith, exhibited by the declaration that "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet" ; prayer, practiced five times daily; almsgiving (charity), which is mandatory; fasting, most prominently during the month of Ramadan; and pilgrimage to Mecca, which every Muslim must do at least once in his or her life. There are currently about 1.6 billion Muslims in the world.