Is the narrator's voice close to the poet's, or is it the voice of a fictional or historical person in "The Road Not Taken"?

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Much lore surrounds the composition of "The Road Not Taken," but few question that it emerged as a result of Frost's time in England and his friendly rambles around the countryside with his friend Edward Thomas. This suggests that the narrator's voice is close to Frost's. In one story about the composition of this famous poem, it is said that Frost wrote it to help Edward Thomas overcome his indecision about whether to join the army or go to America during World War I. As quoted from The Guardian at the link below:

"The Road Not Taken" did not send Thomas to war, but it was the last and pivotal moment in a sequence of events that had brought him to an irreversible decision.

Frost said it was merely a light-hearted poem, but Thomas did take it as a push to join the war effort. He enlisted in the army and fewer than two months later was killed. It is interesting that a poem so associated with an American poet and the United States was actually composed in England and had a direct influence on an Englishman.

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Let's look at who the poet was:

Robert FrostOriginally born in England, Robert Frost emigrated to America when he was about 10 years old. Frost's poetry, despite his British roots, is considered quintessentially American by nature. In fact, his poetry is considered quite unique by many critics, who identify him as standing "at the crossroads of 19th-century American poetry and modernism" (Poetry Foundation). Interestingly, although Frost continued to use many of the tools of 19th century poetry, such as meter, line-length, and rhyme scheme, his adherence to the rules of 19th-century poetry was entirely haphazard, based on how he felt the poem needed to sound. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he did not totally abandon all of the structural and stylistic elements of his forebears, preferring instead to carefully mix them to create a feel that emulated the speech of native New Englanders. 

Looking at the poet's life and experiences, one can certainly see that Frost often found himself at a crossroads and chose his own path - not out of resentment for those taking the more commonly used path, but out of artistic interest and curiosity. 

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