In Through the Looking-Glass, it seems like one could find a fair amount of evidence to claim that Alice is an innocent girl. While it’d probably be worth noting that many of her interactions in this dreamworld are cantankerous and upsetting, it’s hard to attribute the discord to Alice. To argue that Alice’s primary intent is to stir up trouble would likely prove difficult. She is curious and questioning, but her aims aren’t malicious. Alice is, for the most part, an innocent girl who’s trying to navigate this peculiar world to the best of her ability.
For a specific example of Alice’s innocence, consider her interaction with Humpty Dumpty in chapter 6. Alice says out loud that Humpty Dumpty looks like an egg. This comparison offends Humpty Dumpty. Yet Alice didn’t mean to hurt Humpty Dumpty’s feelings. She wasn’t trying to be unkind. To correct the misunderstanding, she “gently” explains to Humpty Dumpty that “some eggs are very pretty.” Alice’s attempt to smooth things over fails. Humpty Dumpy replies with an insult.
This dynamic, where Alice says something that is taken the wrong way, occurs frequently throughout the story. It happens in the previous chapter with the Sheep and in the chapter before that, chapter 4, with Tweedledum and Tweedledee. The pattern makes it credible to state that Alice isn’t trying to cause harm—she is innocent—and if anyone is to blame for the commotion and conflict of this dreamworld, it’s probably its peevish, touchy denizens, who may not be so innocent.