Another force was industrial capitalism, which fueled many of the class antagonisms that nationalists like Otto von Bismarck tried to dismantle or sublimate into other directions. Germany became a world power very quickly after unification largely through its industrial might. Bismarck was able to assuage many of the issues faced by German workers through social security programs that actually tied them to the state and increased their loyalty.
On the other hand, reunification was delayed by the wishes of both the Soviet Union and the United States, who held sway over Germany in the wake of World War II. Over time, however, West Germany's rebirth as an economic power helped to facilitate reunification by providing a solid base for integration. It also provided a contrast for many Germans and other Europeans with the austere, struggling economy of East Germany, where the average standard of living was much lower.