Are intermediate sanctions meeting the need of filling the gap between probation and incarceration?
Not quite sure what you mean by intermediate sanctions; but I assume you mean punishments beyond mere probation but short of incarceration. My argument would be yes, they do, in certain situations. A first time offender for Driving Under the Influence might be rehabilitated by attending an Alcohol Training Class. Those convicted of first offense misdemeanors might profit from Community Service. The sentence serves not only to punish the offender; but also teach him/her a lesson. It in essence rehabilitates him to society without the trauma of incarceration with hardened criminals and the attendant loss of reputation. Of course, for serious crimes and felonies, I see no alternative except Incarceration. The more problematic issue is where does one draw the line.