`int_(-oo)^o e^(3x) dx` Explain why the integral is improper and determine whether it diverges or converges. Evaluate the integral if it converges

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Any integral with infinite bounds is an improper integral therefore this is an improper integral.

`int_-infty^0 e^(3x) dx=`

Substitute `u=3x` `=>` `du=3dx,` `u_l=3cdot(-infty)=-infty,` `u_u=3cdot0=0.`  

`1/3int_-infty^0 e^udu=1/3 e^u|_-infty^0=1/3(e^0-lim_(u to -infty)e^u)=`


As we can see, the integral converges and its value is equal to `1/3.`

The image below shows the graph of the function and area under it corresponding to the integral. We can see that  as `x` goes to minus infinity the function converges to zero and it does so "very fast" (exponentially to be more specific). Therefore, it should be no surprise that the above integral is a convergent one.

This image has been Flagged as inappropriate Click to unflag
Image (1 of 1)
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team