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Is industrialization advantage or disadvantage? I want to write an essay,so need explanation.

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litteacher8 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Industrialization is mostly good for the economy. Mass production of goods puts people to work, and the goods are cheaper so more people can buy them. Workers get paid and use their money to buy the products. The disadvantage is that workers become dependent on the factories and when they go, there are no new jobs.

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pacorz eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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One big advantage to industrialization is that over time it tends to raise the standard of living for most of the people in a society. Machines can be used to do the more dangerous and physically demanding types of work, which saves lives and injuries. Industrialized nations tend to have better health care systems, and there is more money to build infrastructure, such as roads, power distribution networks, schools, and communications systems.

As far as disadvantages, I agree with post #3  about social disruption, and industrialization and the things it brings with it also usually create pollution, fragmentation of natural habitats, and general environmental degradation.

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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It's both, I suppose.

Economically, it's a major advantage to go from pre-industrial to industrial.  That is how every economy that is now strong has built itself.  Manufacturing is a relatively high value-added sector and can create a middle class that can drive economic development in a country.

Socially and perhaps environmentally, it can be a bad thing.  Industrialization tends to pull people out of villages and into cities.  This can disrupt social networks and cause people to feel much more alone in the world.  This change can upset the whole culture of a country.

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inette | Student


 it can be good as it offers job opportunities , enhancing home development for better living conditions. Striking out improvished communities , reduce marginalization, and close the gap between the wealthy and the poor. It provides experience for the trained youth or the young adult who have just graduated from university with limited skills, here is the opportunity to enhance one's skill. Children can feel more secure knowing that their parents can provide for their education , their nutritional needs, health care and above all provide the youth with a brighter and better future.

However, there is the fear of the negative impact it may have on society as some parents in their quest for a better tomorrow the next generation is neglected. An older sibling most times a teenager girl may be left in charge to manage household demands plus her own education, taking on early parental role. This may prove very stressful for the young child. She may pass on values which could either make or break the remnants of the family. Sometimes children get exploited at an early age destroying their self esteem; Marring their moral slate, warping their minds and destroying the very fabric of the society which is the home.

While industrialization is good many dive into it seizing every moment and every opportunity it offers without considering the negative impact. Without planning it can carry with it a heavy back lash.


cheezea | Student

i guess everything has its pros and cons... the most obvious advantage of industrialisation is the advancement in technology that makes our life easier and improves our lives. also, there are a number of disadvantages such as pollution from factories. i agree with #3 and #5.

madihaa | Student

both advantage and dis advantages also

jamilarif | Student

anyone to give answer?