Who did socialists say would be resented and hated by the exploited classes?
According to the writings of many socialists during the Industrial Revolution, the people who became the target of resentment and class hatred by the exploited were the
The only possible answer to this question is C.
The term "bourgeoisie" is one used by Karl Marx. He used the term to refer to the class of people who owned the means of production. These would be people like factory owners. One of the basic tenets of Marxism is that the bourgeoisie exploits the working class. This exploitation gives rise to conflict between the two classes.
None of the other answers can be right. The proletariat is the working class and will not hate itself. Hatred of the aristocracy and clergy belongs to a different age. It goes more with the rise of democracy when the common people were (as in the French Revolution) demanding that they get more power and that the groups like the aristocracy and clergy give up the privileges they had previously enjoyed.