Inductionism is the view that all science is based on...?A. ...observation, generalization and repeated confirmation. B. ...analysis and scrutiny. C. ...developing conjectures and trying to refute them.
I have moved this to the philosophy group because this is essentially a question about epistemology--how can we know what we know?
Inductivism is a kind of rationalism. It is the idea that we know what we know from reason. People who believe in induction believe that we look at specific facts that we observe and that we then try to come up with theories that will account for these facts.
Given this definition, we can clearly see that A is the best answer to this question of what science is based upon. In inductive reasoning, a person makes observations and gets specific facts from those observations. The person then generalizes--they make a general theory to account for the facts they have observed. If they are meticulous, they try to confirm their generalization through repeated tests.