Franklin Delano Roosevelt had to be one of the most important people in that period of time. As president for over twelve years, his impact is still felt today. Faced with the Great Depression and World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt, nicknamed "FDR," guided America through its greatest domestic crisis, with the exception...
Franklin Delano Roosevelt had to be one of the most important people in that period of time. As president for over twelve years, his impact is still felt today. Faced with the Great Depression and World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt, nicknamed "FDR," guided America through its greatest domestic crisis, with the exception of the Civil War, and its greatest foreign crisis.
His presidency is unparalleled in scope and in the experimental economic and social programs of the "New Deal" which helped bring about the beginnings of a national recovery.
Under Roosevelt's leadership, the United States emerged from World War II as the world's foremost economic, political, and military power. FDR's contributions to domestic life during his presidency were just as vital. His develop of programs that attempted to solve the socio-economic problems of the United States opened opportunities for the impoverished.
1. CCC - Civilian Conservation Corps was created in 1933 by Franklin D. Roosevelt to combat unemployment. The CCC was responsible for building many public works and created structures and trails in parks across the nation.
2. Federal Housing Administration was a government agency created to combat the housing crisis of the Great Depression. The large number of unemployed workers combined with the banking crisis created a situation in which banks recalled loans. The FHA was designed to regulate mortgages and housing conditions.
3. The Federal Security Agency established in 1939 and ending in 1953 served as the forerunner of Social Security. Until it was abolished in 1953, it administered social security, federal education funding, and food and drug safety.
4. The Home Owner's Loan Corporation was created in 1933 to assist in the refinancing of homes. The housing crisis created a great many foreclosures, and Roosevelt hoped this new agency would stem the tide. One million people received long term loans through the agency in two years.
5. The Public Works Administration was a program created to provide economic stimulus and jobs during the Great Depression. The PWA was designed to create public works and continued until the US ramped up wartime production for World War II. It ended in 1941.
6. The Social Security Act was designed to combat the widespread poverty among senior citizens. The government program provided income to retired wage earners. The program has become one of the most popular government programs and is funded by current wage earners and their employers.
7. The Tennessee Valley Authority was established in 1933 to develop the economy in the Tennessee Valley region which had been hit extremely hard by the Great Depression. The TVA was and is a federally owned corporation that works in this region to this day. It is the largest public provider of electricity in the United States.
8. The Works Progress Administration was the largest New Deal Agency. The WPA impacted millions of Americans. It provided jobs across the nation. Because of it, numerous roads, buildings, and other projects were completed. It was renamed the Works Projects Administration in 1939. It officially ended in 1943.
Roosevelt developed his creed and told the American people that this is what he would strive to do in his presidency.
- The right to a useful and remunerative job in the industries or shops or farms or mines of the Nation;
- The right to earn enough to provide adequate to food and clothing and recreation;
- The right of every farmer to raise and sell his products at a return which will give him and his family a decent living;
- The right of every businessman, large or small, to trade in an atmosphere of freedom from unfair competition and domination by monopolies at home or abroad;
- The right of every family to a decent home;
- The right to adequate medical care and the opportunity to achieve and enjoy good health;
- The right to adequate protection from the economic fears of old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment;
- The right to a good education.
Many of these things were accomplished during Roosevelt's time in office.