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What are 3 similarities and 3 differences between the Constitution of the United States and the Confederate States of America? I need specific differences, not a general discussion like was given the first time I asked this.

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Michael Koren eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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There are similarities and differences between the U.S. Constitution and the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. One similarity is that there were three branches of government in both plans. Each branch of government had a different responsibility. A second similarity is that the leaders of the executive branch were the President and the Vice President. A third similarity was that a Supreme Court existed in both plans of government. Finally, the legislature had two parts to it.

There were some differences between each plan of government. In the Confederacy, the President could be elected one time. The length of the term was six years. In the U.S. Constitution, the President can be elected more than once with each term lasting four years. Another difference is who is eligible to vote. In the Confederate plan, only citizens of the Confederacy were allowed to vote. In the U.S. Constitution, the states determine who is allowed to vote. A third difference is that the Constitution of the Confederacy specifically stated that people were able to own slaves. Finally, in the Confederacy, protective tariffs weren’t allowed if they would help a specific industry.

There are many similarities and differences between both plans of government.

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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For the most part, the CSA's constitution was a word for word copy of the US Constitution.  Therefore, you can find many similarities quite easily.  For example:

  • Both constitutions ban the international slave trade.
  • Both constitutions provide for a bicameral national legislature.
  • Both constitutions have the same system in which Representatives are elected for 2 year terms and states are represented in proportion to their populations where Senators are elected for 6 year terms and each state has 2 of them.

But there were some significant differences that were related to, as one might expect, issues of slavery and of states' rights.

  • Slavery is explicitly mentioned and indeed guaranteed by the CSA's constitution. For example, in Article I, Section IX there is a clause saying
No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law denying or impairing the right of property in negro slaves shall be passed.
  • The CSA's constitution allowed for presidents to serve one term only and that term was to be 6 years.
  • The CSA's constitution is much more explicit about limiting the powers of the federal government.  For example, Article I, Section VIII does not have the clause that allows the US Congress to provide for "the general welfare" of the country.  Instead, it says the CS Congress can only impose taxes that are

necessary to pay the debts, provide for the common defense, and carry on the Government of the Confederate States...

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