In what ways did settlement patterns, family life, population growth, and so forth differ in New England and the Southern colonies in the seventeenth century? What factors might account for these differences?

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Many people in the Southern colonies sought to make money and then go back to England where they could enjoy their riches. At first many young men came without families, but families eventually came to the Southern colonies. The richest families relied on chattel slavery for their labor needs and thus did not need many children. Since it took a lot of land in order to make money with the cash crops, one was often far away from one's neighbors. It was not uncommon for people to die at young ages due to malaria and yellow fever outbreaks.

In New England, families settled there in order to raise their children as both English in culture and Calvinist in religion. Many families had several children—the average family had 5.5 live births per household. These children combined with extended kin made up the labor force of the self-sufficient farms. Since the church was the most important part of the community, people had small landholdings and lived close to each other.

Women were more likely...

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