In what way does Fahrenheit 451 use the ”iceberg technique”?
Fahrenheit 451 uses the iceberg technique by showing, rather than telling, readers what Montag goes through. Overall, readers learn about events at the same pace and from the same sources he does, leading us to put together pieces similarly to him. We learn about Montag's character in the beginning of the novel through his interactions with Clarisse. Eventually, we also learn about the countercultural group of readers and thinkers with Montag.
The so-called iceberg theory was developed by Ernest Hemingway. In Death in the Afternoon, he stated that within a given work, a writer should reveal only significant parts of the information. He uses the metaphor of the iceberg, most of which remains below water. Hemingway stated that
a writer... may omit things that he knows and the reader, if the writer is writing truly enough, will have a feeling of those things as strongly as though the writer had stated them.
The idea of "writing truly" refers to the trust that builds up between reader and writer. The reader should not feel like the writer...
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