In To Kill a Mockingbird, what do Jem And Scout learn when Calpurnia takes them to her church? What happens?

When they attend services at Calpurnia's church one Sunday in To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout and Jem learn that discrimination and prejudice can happen anywhere, and they feel its sting. They also learn about generosity and gratitude. They learn how people adapt even when they lack an education and about faith that is lived in love.

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In chapter 12, Atticus leaves town on a business trip and Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to First Purchase African M. E. Church, which turns out to be an enlightening experience for both children. Jem and Scout gain valuable insight into Maycomb's Black community during their visit and thoroughly enjoy their experience. Initially, a disgruntled, racist woman named Lula criticizes Calpurnia for bringing white children to their church. Jem and Scout's negative interaction with Lula teaches them that prejudice also exists in the Black community.

Before Reverend Sykes begins his message, the children are astonished by the fact that the congregation does not use hymn books and are impressed by their lining technique. Later on, Calpurnia explains that the majority of the congregation is illiterate, which explains why there are no hymn books. This information teaches Jem and Scout that the members of the Black community suffer from discrimination and do not have access to general education like privileged white children.

When Jem and Scout witness the congregation take up a second offering for Helen Robinson, they learn the importance of hospitality and support in the Black community. Following the sermon, Jem and Scout also learn about Calpurnia's upbringing and background. They are impressed when they discover that she is one of the few educated people in her community, and Scout is surprised by her "modest double life."

In addition to gaining insight into Cal's background, they also learn that she code-switches depending on her audience and surroundings. Jem is also astonished to learn that Cal taught Zeebo to read from Blackstone's Commentaries. This information teaches Jem and Scout the resourcefulness of Maycomb's Black population. Overall, Jem and Scout gain valuable insight into Maycomb's Black community during their visit, which enhances their perspective and contributes to their outlook on life.

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One Sunday morning, Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to the First Purchase African M. E. Church. Scout is surprised that the first thing they encounter is thinly-veiled hostility from a woman named Lula who wants to know why Calpurnia is bringing white children into their church. When Calpurnia answers that the children are her company, the woman taunts her with "Yeah, an' I reckon you's comp'ny at the Finch house durin' the week," firmly reminding Calpurnia of her place as a servant (even though Scout and Jem never think of her that way). The woman continues to insist that the children have no business in that church, and the children feel highly unwanted. They have learned that prejudice and discrimination exist even in unexpected settings, and they feel the sting of it.

Soon, however, another person steps up and welcomes them in, and the service begins. At the time of the collection, Calpurnia gives Jem and Scout each a dime. Jem tries to insist that they have their own money, but Calpurnia wants them to be completely her company. Jem bites his tongue and accepts her generosity. Scout follows. They have learned about hospitality and gratitude.

Scout notices right away that there are no hymn books or church programs or writings of any sort in the church, and she wonders why. Zeebo gets up to lead the hymn, and the congregation sings after him. Scout learns that most people in the church cannot read. For Scout, reading is crucial, so she is amazed that so many people lack the ability. Yet she also learns how they have adapted when education is simply out of their reach.

The collection this week is to go for the support of Tom Robinson's wife, and Scout and Jem are rather shocked when Reverend Sykes insists that they must raise ten dollars before anyone can leave. He actually calls on people directly to contribute more generously and to make a sacrifice for this cause. He is making them "put their money where their mouth is," so to speak—to live out the Christianity they profess by denying themselves to help someone who has a greater need. Everyone in the church learns an important lesson about faith lived in love this Sunday.

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This is a great question. Scout and Jem learn a few valuable lessons, even if they will understand these lessons later in life. 

First, they learn that the black community is poor and have little compared to them. For instance, when they are at church, Reverend Sykes is trying to raise money to help Tom Robinson's family. It is not a huge amount of money, but there is a need. 

Second, they also learn that many blacks cannot read. For example, they realize the blacks do not have hymn books. When they ask why, Calpurnia says that many of them cannot read. So, the song leader sings a line, and other follow. 

Third, they also learn about the trial. This is when Scout asks about rape. Calpurnia has the good sense to deflect this question to Atticus. 

Finally, when the children go to the church there is a black lady (Lula) that is enraged that Calpurnia brought white children to a black church. Hence, they learn that racism goes both ways. 

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Jem and Scout learn that just as some white citizens show prejudice in Maycomb, so do some black citizens.

As Jem and Scout approach the church with Calpurnia, they are at first greeted respectfully. But then a black woman named Lulu confronts Cal, telling her, “You ain’t got no business bringin’ white chillun here—they got their church, we got our’n. It is our church, ain’t it, Miss Cal?”

At this point, Jem wants to leave, but then other members of the church greet them warmly, and they stay for the service.

They also learn that church is conducted differently in the black community. They sing without hymnbooks. Reverend Sykes is very direct with his congregation, insisting that they increase their offering in order to help Tom Robinson’s wife get by. He also calls out church members by name and mentions their transgressions.

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