In the resolution, the last scene, why is it significant that Octavius delivers the play’s final speech?

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After all the tumult, all the backstabbing, and all the endless intrigue, bloodshed, and war, it is time for Rome to move on. Peace must finally descend upon the Eternal City. For this to happen, there must be reconciliation. To that end, it is important that Octavius should have the...

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After all the tumult, all the backstabbing, and all the endless intrigue, bloodshed, and war, it is time for Rome to move on. Peace must finally descend upon the Eternal City. For this to happen, there must be reconciliation. To that end, it is important that Octavius should have the last word. He represents hope for the future, a chance for the various factions to put aside their differences and come together for the good of Rome. Octavius's warm words of praise for the fallen Brutus are not just an example of propaganda; they express a genuine recognition of his many great qualities. They are just the kind of qualities that Rome will need if a glorious, peaceful future is to be built upon the smoldering ruins of this long and bloody conflict.

Octavius may well regard Brutus as having abused his extraordinary gifts, but they are important nonetheless for the rebuilding of Rome. Brutus's nobility, honor, and bravery as a soldier exemplified Roman values. Octavius—also known as the first Roman Emperor Augustus—is determined to build a greater Rome upon the foundations of such values. The good of Brutus will not be interred with his bones.

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There are a few other reasons why Octavius has the last words. However, before I give these reasons, it would be good to give the the words of Shakespeare.

According to his virtue let us use him, With all respect and rites of burial. Within my tent his bones to-night shall lie, Most like a soldier, order'd honourably. So call the field to rest; and let's away, To part the glories of this happy day.

As mentioned above, Octavius is Caesar's adopted son. One of the characteristics that Caesar was known for was his clemency. So, to show clemency is to follow in the footsteps of Caesar. This shows continuity to the people.

Second, from a political point of view, this was wise, because the battle of Philippi was a civil war. So, to show mercy is to bring healing to Rome. 

Finally, from a literary point of view, it was important that Octavius have the final words because he will be the first Roman emperor. So, it is fitting that he have the final words of honor. And if you recall, he would not give into Antony in the play. So, Octavius had to have the last words. This showed that he has won.

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This speech is delivered after Antony has spoken about Brutus being the "most noble Roman of them all" since Brutus, alone, acted only for the good of Rome.  All the other conspirators had some ulterior motive such as greed or jealousy, whereas Brutus was choosing the lesser of two evils...murder his good friend, Caesar, or allow Caesar to forever corrupt and ruin the Rome he loved.

Octavius speaks last, and also in favor of Brutus, proclaiming that Brutus will have an honorable burial.  This is significant since Octavius is Julius Caesar's blood relative, and his forgiveness of Brutus is perhaps the most important.  If Octavius can forgive Brutus for his loyalty to Rome which led him the murder Julius Caesar, then all of Rome should also be able to forgive and honor Brutus for his love of country.

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