In the poem "A Song of Hope" by Oodgeroo Noonuccal, what are the poetic devices or techniques used, and what effect do they have on the reader (on their perspective/opinion, etc.)?

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This poem very clearly conveys hope for a "juster justice," and a "glad tomorrow"; it conveys hope that the native peoples of Australia will rise above their oppression and be represented fairly and respectfully both within the justice system and in society. Noonuccal conveys this hope, as well as the oppression of her people, through a wide variety literary devices, many of which overlap.

First, she makes many allusions both to the dark history of subjugation endured by the aboriginal peoples as well as the times before this subjugation. Mentions of "the years behind you," hope that "shall the past replace," "to our father's fathers / The pain and sorrow," all refer to a long era of pain and suffering at the hands of the predominantly white colonial governing class. In addition, the lines mentioning "juster justice" and "Till hate be hated" refer to the actual injustice within the justice system and the fact that hate is not hated, but is condoned and goes largely ignored and...

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