In the play Macbeth, who was MORE responsible for the murder of King Duncan—Macbeth or Lady Macbeth? Explain your argument in detail.

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This is a difficult question to answer, since both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth were necessary for the murder to take place. Macbeth is the agent of violence. He is the one who stands to become king. Without him, the opportunity never would have arisen in the first place, and as the one who actually commits the deed, the entire act seems to run through him. Lady Macbeth, on the other hand, provides the will and the courage for Macbeth to go through with it. At various points, he seems reluctant to pull off the murder; without the coercion of his wife, he likely would not have gone through with it at all.

And yet, while it is likely Macbeth would not have murdered Duncan without his wife, Lady Macbeth certainly would not have murdered Duncan without her husband. In a court of law, Macbeth would certainly be found guilty. Lady Macbeth is only an accomplice—a very good (or bad, depending how you look at it) accomplice, but an accomplice nonetheless. She might even have been a necessary accomplice,...

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