The white citizens of Maycomb had the privilege of being able to sit on the ground floor of the courtroom where Tom Robinson's trial takes place. Relegating the entire black population to the upper floor does a couple of things, but mainly it establishes that they are of lesser importance because they are further away from the proceedings. Not only are they further away, but because heat rises, their seats are automatically going to be less comfortable than the seats on the cooler ground floor.
Further, there are no black men on the jury. Whites apparently had the privilege, again, of wielding control over the lives of individuals who many of them viewed to be less than they. After all, they convict Tom Robinson without any real evidence—of course, because he is not guilty—and when there is most certainly reasonable doubt.
Remember, too, how Bob Ewell followed Tom Robinson's wife to work, harassing her daily? If a black man had done the same thing to a white woman, or even been
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