In The Kite Runner, what is the relationship between Baba and Hassan?

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As mentioned previously, Baba is Hassan's father, making Amir Hassan's half-brother. As a child, Amir is jealous of Baba's affection toward Hassan. Unaware that Hassan is his half-brother, Amir believes he is more deserving of Baba's attention. He does not understand why Baba has so much affection for Hassan, who he believes is merely the son of Baba's closest friend.

In chapter 18, Amir learns that Hassan is his half-brother, which changes his entire perception of his childhood. Looking back, Baba's actions do reflect the secret that he carried, such as him having paid for the expensive surgery to fix Hassan's lip and his emotional devastation when Ali and Hassan left the house.

After growing up believing he had nothing in common with his father, it occurs to Amir that they were similar in a monumental way—having both betrayed their best friends. Not only did Amir allow Hassan to be raped in order to obtain the kite from Assef; in order to please Baba by winning the kite, he betrays another family member. Similarly, Baba accuses Hassan of stealing, which deeply offends Ali.

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At first, it seems like Baba, Amir's father, is acting in an altruistic manner by allowing Hassan and his father Ali to live as his servants. Amir notes that Baba is very loving towards Hassan, and attributes that love to Baba's own giving nature. However, it turns out that Hassan is actually Baba's child, not Ali's; Ali is sterile and Baba fathered Hassan to give Ali the son he always wanted.

Hassan’s not going anywhere, he’d barked. He’s staying right here with us, where he belongs. This is his home and we’re his family.
(Hosseini, The Kite Runner, Google Books)

Amir does not find this out until years after the others have died; he realizes that the harsh love shown by Baba towards him was designed to strengthen him and make him sympathetic towards Hassan and his people, since they are all more closely related than he ever knew. He also realizes that the love Baba shows to Hassan is from a true father towards a son, although Baba is never able to truly tell Hassan how much he means to him.

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