In The Giver, what four qualities does the Chief Elder say the Receiver of Memory must have?

In The Giver, the Chief Elder says that the Receiver of Memory must have intelligence, integrity, courage, and wisdom. The Receiver of Memory must also have the Capacity to See Beyond.

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In The Giver, the four qualities the Chief Elder says the Receiver of Memory must have are intelligence, integrity, courage, and wisdom. In addition, the Receiver of Memory must have the “Capacity to See Beyond." It is not clear what this capacity is exactly, but based on discussions with the current Receiver, the Chief Elder believes that Jonas has this.

Jonas himself questions his ability to fulfill the requirements the Receiver of Memory must have to be successful. At the Ceremony when Jonas is named to be an apprentice to the Receiver and learn how to be a Receiver himself, “for a moment he froze, consumed with despair.”

He believes that he does not have the required characteristics. He is intelligent, as evidenced by his performance as a top student in school. He has integrity. The Elder notes that Jonas has committed some minor transgressions as most people have, but when he has transgressed, he has always presented himself for chastisement promptly, which shows his integrity.

The position of Receiver requires courage, in part because the apprentice will experience a lot of pain during the training. Moreover, in addition to the physical pain, many of the memories the apprentice will experience will spark feelings that will be difficult.

The Elder explains to Jonas that he will have to deal “with pain of a magnitude that none of us here can comprehend because it is beyond our experience.” The Elder and the current Receiver both feel that Jonas is brave enough to endure the physical pain, even if he does not feel brave at the Ceremony.

The fourth essential attribute is wisdom, which is different from intelligence and comes with time. Jonas has not yet acquired wisdom, but the Elders and the Receiver are confident that he will acquire wisdom in time through his training.

The Capacity to See Beyond is more difficult to understand and probably refers to the ability to look beyond the superficial and understand deeper meanings.

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In chapter eight, the Chief Elder apologizes for making the crowd feel uneasy for skipping Jonas's name during the ceremony. The Chief Elder then announces that Jonas has been selected to be the community's next Receiver of Memory. She also comments that the committee failed in their previous selection, before mentioning that the Receiver of Memory is an honorable, revered position in their community. According to the Chief Elder, the Receiver of Memory must possess several necessary qualities. She says that it is essential that the Receiver of Memory possesses intelligence. Jonas is certainly intelligent and has been a top student throughout his school days.

The Receiver of Memory must also have integrity, which is another quality that Jonas possesses. The Chief Elder then states that the Receiver of Memory must be courageous in order to endure the pain of the training sessions. The fourth essential attribute is wisdom, which is something that Jonas has not yet acquired. However, the Chief Elder is confident that Jonas will gain wisdom throughout his training. She also mentions that the Receiver of Memory must possess the Capacity to See Beyond. Unlike the other community members, Jonas has the Capacity to See Beyond, which means that he can see in color.

Overall, the Chief Elder says that the Receiver of Memory must possess intelligence, integrity, courage, and wisdom. In addition to those four qualities, the Receiver of Memory must also have the Capacity to See Beyond.

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In Chapter 8 of The Giver, by Lois Lowry, Jonas learns that he has been selected as the Receiver of Memory from the Chief Elder. The Chief Elder continues to inform Jonas and the audience of the 4 qualities that a person must have to become the Receiver or Memory.

These 4 qualities are:

Intelligence: Jonas demonstrates intelligence by being a standout student throughout his schooling.

Integrity: Even though Jonas has made mistakes in his life, he has always corrected them.

Courage: Even though the Elders cite no specific examples, they say that they are sure he has the ability to be courageous.

Wisdom: The Elders believe that Jonas will gain wisdom as he trains to become Receiver of Memory.

The Chief Elder also mentions a fifth quality, which is The Capacity to See Beyond. Even though the Chief Elder cannot explicitly describe this quality, she mentions that Jonas already has it.

 

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On page 62 (in the Laurel-Leaf paperback edition), the Chief Elder is talking about why Jonas was skipped as assignments were being announced at the Ceremony of Twelve.  She has returned to Jonas, number 19, and he is on the stage as she says that he was not assigned, but selected.  She informs the audience that his job will be Receiver of Memory.  Jonas isn't sure yet what this means, but he listens as she lists the four important qualities the receiver must have and why the elders consider him to have them:

1. Intelligence.  She says that Jonas has been at the top of his class throughout his school days.

2. Integrity.  She cites the fact that when Jonas has made mistakes, he has presented himself promptly for chastisement.

3. Courage. She does not give a specific example, but says that the elders are certain that he is brave.

4. Wisdom.  She says that the elders are certain that Jonas will acquire wisdom as he goes through his training.

She also lists one final attribute that the Receiver must have - the Capacity to See Beyond.  She tells the audience that she cannot explain it to them.  However, she says that the current Receiver knows that Jonas has it.  

After the Chief Elder is done speaking, the audience begins to chant Jonas' name, showing their acceptance for his new role.  Jonas doesn't know what to expect yet, but he feels proud.

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The Receiver of Memory must have the qualities of intelligence, integrity, courage, and the Capacity to See Beyond.

Jonas has all of these qualities.  He has shown his intelligence by being "a top student throughout his school days", and has exhibited integrity by forthrightly presenting himself for chastisement when he has committed a transgression.  The Elders feel he has the courage to endure the pain he will encounter in his training, and the current Receiver testifies that Jonas has the hard-to-define gift, the Capacity to See Beyond (Chapter 8).

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